The Dutch accept climate-proofed their homes that are meant to float as sea akin rises. Solar panels are accepting added visibility. Abounding cities accept blooming roofs, vertical breadth and aggressive plants for accustomed calefaction insulation.
We all are accomplishing what we can to acclimate to and abate altitude change. The Arctic ice accident is action at a faster bulk than projected.
Homes are the bigger action guzzlers. They absorb so abounding assets and defecate commensurable amounts of waste. Architectural issues and ecology issues accept become intertwined as bodies appeal houses that are cheaper to cool, nicer to alive in, and are added apple friendly.
There are bristles basal elements that accomplish a home green, as I accept accounting and explained in this cavalcade for abounding years now.
They are: acceptable site; baptize efficiency; calm ecology quality; action efficiency; and actual efficiency.
1. The ideal lot in affiliation to thermal abundance in the tropics, has the continued abandon of the lot adverse the arctic and south. This minimizes acknowledgment to absolute sunlight on the east-west axis.
The sun aisle and the adumbration of adjoining barrio will actuate how abounding solar admission there is to be able to install solar panels and solar baptize heaters.
2. If the lot acclimatization is not ideal in affiliation to the sun path, advanced roof overhangs may be placed to absorber the abode from the sun. The windows may additionally be hardly recessed from the walls. Sunshades may additionally be acclimated as aegis from the sun’s absolute calefaction and glare.
3. Affection of neighborhood, availability of water, accessibility to accessible transportation, absolute electric ability grid, flood-free breadth are qualities of a acceptable site. Abode architectonics should booty advantage of admirable views.
4. Build at atomic 100 meters abroad from sites apparent to electromagnetic fields (EMF), brought about by the attendance of aerial astriction manual lines. Avoid sites abreast sources of abuse like automated and livestock sites.
5. Avoid brownfields or sites damaged by antecedent architectonics or automated activity. These sites crave all-encompassing remediation to abolish toxins such as lead, asbestos, gasoline, diesel, motor oil, pesticides or added ecology contaminants.
6. Abbreviate armpit disturbance, advance the acreage with the atomic accident and in a adapted way. Strive to absorb impervious abstracts for roadways and parking places. Use paving blocks to abate calefaction island aftereffect acquired by accoutrement the earth’s calefaction with solid accurate alfresco spaces.
7. Xeriscaping or the use of drought-resistant plants conserves water. Watering lawns and breadth with advised or cooler baptize is wasteful.
8. Water-saving bath accessories and faucets can advice conserve water.
9. Graywater recycling minimizes the use of alpha water. It is channeling baptize from sinks, showers and abrasion machines into a clarify that could be a accurate catchbasin with beach in the high half, and alluvium at the bottom. By gravity, the filtered baptize flows to a alembic and is pumped anon to toilet fixtures.
10. Storm baptize runoff charge be removed from the armpit as bound as possible. Swales are a accustomed arising arrangement that acquiesce storm baptize to aggregate in bottomward angled turfs or apprehension ponds from anchorage and pavements.
11. In accessible undisturbed land, 60 percent of rainwater alcove the aquifers, the blow is appear into dehydration and transpiration. In burghal spaces, alone 10 percent ability the aquifers, while 75 percent becomes runoff water. A acceptable way to administer rainwater is through rainwater agriculture from the roof into tanks or cisterns for watering plants and cleaning.
12. Blooming roofs and vertical breadth act like a blot arresting rainwater and dabbling its release, giving the artery time to even out and acquittal storm water. Blooming roofs could use comestible plants for advantageous burghal farming, abreast from cooling the abode and adorning the landscape.
Indoor Ecology Quality
13. Antecedent of alpha air should be far from pollutive areas and sources of contaminants.
Typical air ante depend on the cardinal of abode occupants. Windows should be at developed anatomy akin for bigger air change. The admeasurement of the windows is accompanying to absolute bank and attic area.
14. Calm abstracts affect IEQ. Volatile amoebic compounds or VOCs are carbon-based actinic solvents distilled from petroleum or petroleum by-products. They are chancy to health. VOCs and added baneful abstracts are broadly acclimated in architectonics and autogenous adornment materials. The present accepted for VOCs specify outgassing levels at about 0.5 milligrams per cubic meter.
15. VOCs are begin in plywood and some attic abstracts fabricated with polyvinyl chloride, lead-based paint, glues and adhesives, aliment and charwoman accessories that are petrochemical- or solvent-based. Molds, bane and abode dust, mites and cockroaches account allergies and added sicknesses. Calm plants abate temperature and enhance IEQ.
16. Burning copse creates cogent amounts of accomplished atom pollution. It contains bags of actinic substances, including carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, benzene, formaldehyde and dioxin, one of the best baneful substances. Abounding of the toxins in copse smoke are the aforementioned as those begin in cigarette smoke.
17. Calm air affection is decidedly astute in bathrooms and kitchens with actual poor blast due to balance damp in the air. This in about-face condenses on algid surfaces breadth cast is formed. Molds account respiratory illnesses. One way to advance altitude is by installing ample window openings or installing bankrupt admirers or to put bowl bank tiles alone in wet areas such as battery stalls and about the lavatories.
18. Babble abuse is a big antecedent of accent in today’s avant-garde world. Abounding big cities install complete barriers to absorber houses abreast the highways from noise. A blooming home can use alive screens like shrubs, apple mounds and trees.
19. Acquiescent architectonics refers to architectonics architecture that does not crave electromechanical accessories for heating or cooling. This deals anon with the architectonics envelope (meaning, exoteric walls and roof which should be light-colored, doors and windows), how it is aggressive in affiliation to the solar path, cross-ventilation, what abstracts are used, what alien appearance such as sunshades and agriculture are activated to cut bottomward use of energy.
20. Blooming alive architectonics refers to the acceptable use of bogus ambiance technology to heat, air-conditioned or ablaze a space. Lighting takes up 20 percent of action bills, while air conditioning consumes 50 percent on average.
21. Application action able lighting technology can accompany up to 40 percent accumulation in action cost. This can be done by applying lighting breadth it is bare and with the use of agenda ascendancy provided by LED lights. Photocells or ablaze sensors in aggregate with acquiescent architectonics appearance like daylighting advice abate action use.
22. Today’s air conditioning accessories accommodate inverter types which absorb beneath energy. It is added big-ticket with two years aftereffect depending on the bulk of use.
23. Energy-efficient accessories accept Action Guide labels. The labels advice to analyze the ability or anniversary action use of aggressive brands and agnate models. Look for the chicken and atramentous labels on abrasion machines, refrigerators, freezers, allowance air conditioners, lamps and ballasts.
24. To verify if your home is action efficient, you can accept the action ability basis ciphering as follows—divide the anniversary electricity burning in kilowatt-hours by the abode attic breadth in aboveboard meters. The consistent action ability basis should not go far aloft 15 kWh/sqm/year.
25. Back a new architectonics is constructed, abstracts recovered from burst barrio can be reused not alone to abate architectonics decay but additionally to abate the embodied action associated with architectonics materials. Embodied action is the action bare to aftermath architectonics abstracts starting from the abstraction and processing of accustomed assets up to manufacturing, carriage and delivery.
26. Back renovating homes with asbestos, it’s best to abbreviate activities in areas breadth damaged abstracts may accommodate asbestos. Avoid damaging asbestos material. Do not dust, ambit or exhaustion bits that may accommodate asbestos. Do not saw, sand, scrape, or assignment holes in asbestos materials. Don’t beach or akin asbestos flooring. Asbestos is a baneful material. Abounding homes congenital in the 1970s and beforehand accept asbestos.
27. CCA-treated copse posts, planks, fences and tables that little accouchement with hand-to-mouth characteristics touch, is a austere bloom concern.
CCA, which stands for chromate chestnut arsenate, is an amazing bactericide that has been injected in pressure-treated boards, accustomed planks and posts to extend the activity of copse bristles times. This prevents barge from adulteration back apparent to sun, rain, termites and fungus. The bad account is CCA is a anatomy of arsenic which we apperceive is actual poisonous.
28. In architectonics construction, steel, in the anatomy of I-beams for columns and posts, facilitates faster construction. It additionally can amount advanced distances amid supports. With the compactness backbone of animate in aggregate with the compressive backbone of concrete, avant-garde architectonics and engineering fabricated abstruse advances.
29. To abounding people, adhesive is frequently accepted as a actual acclimated for drywall panels. They are either nailed or busted in abode to anatomy a accomplished wall. It is aggressive to blaze and calefaction and can calmly be cut application simple architectonics tools. It is abundant, economical, able and analytic strong.
It helps to abate sound. Adhesive is additionally acclimated as a accepted additive in adhesive mixtures due to its hardening properties.
30. Reduction of decay in architectonics should be formed out from the alpha of a activity amid artist and contractor. For example, the artist can anticipate decay by designing aural the accepted ambit of architectonics apparatus such as reinforcing bars, beam materials, beam panels, etc. Excessive decay will aftereffect if these accepted sizes are not used.
31. Composting or burying wet kitchen debris in the arena is a blooming practice.
Pay a appointment to your Barangay Eco Center for solid decay administration in the community, or acquaintance your homeowners’ affiliation for absolute solid decay auctioning systems.
32. Blooming blaze assurance measures accommodate allotment the appropriate materials. Abbreviate the use of copse abnormally for beam and roof eaves. Adhesive lath and adhesive lath are the adopted materials. They are not alone fire-resistant but additionally termite-resistant. For townhouses, adding firewall amid units charge be bisected a beat aloft the roof, fabricated of concrete.
The columnist is the Principal Artist of A.P de Jesus & Associates-Green Architecture; and carnality armchair and COO of the Philippine Blooming Architectonics Initiative
For comments or inquiries, email email@example.com
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